When it comes to exiting a building in case of an emergency, the exit access is a critical component. It refers to the path that must be taken to reach the exit door. Whether you are in an office building, a shopping mall, or a hospital, it is essential to know the exit access to ensure your safety. In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about using the exit access in 2023.
Understanding the Exit Access
The exit access is a continuous and unobstructed path that leads to the exit door. It includes corridors, aisles, ramps, and stairways that are used to reach the exit door. In most buildings, the exit access is marked with signs and illuminated to ensure visibility in case of a power outage or smoke. It is essential to follow the exit access signs and not take shortcuts during an emergency.
Types of Exit Access
There are two types of exit access: horizontal and vertical. Horizontal exit access is a path that leads to an exit door on the same level as the building’s main entrance. Vertical exit access is a path that leads to an exit door on a different level, such as a stairway or an elevator. It is essential to know the type of exit access in your building to ensure a safe exit during an emergency.
Exit Access Requirements
The exit access must meet certain requirements to ensure safety during an emergency. It must be wide enough to accommodate the number of people who will use it. The width of the exit access depends on the occupancy load of the building. It must also be free of obstacles and have adequate lighting. The exit access must be designed to prevent panic and ensure a smooth flow of people towards the exit door.
Using the Exit Access
During an emergency, it is essential to remain calm and follow the exit access signs. If you are in a crowded area, it is best to wait for the crowd to disperse before using the exit access. If you are in a wheelchair or have mobility issues, you must use the designated accessible exit access. Never use the elevator during an emergency, as it may malfunction or stop working altogether.
Stairways are a common type of exit access in most buildings. If you are using a stairway, always hold onto the handrails and descend slowly. If there is smoke in the stairway, cover your nose and mouth with a cloth to prevent inhalation of smoke. If you are in a wheelchair or have mobility issues, do not use the stairway and use the accessible exit access instead.
Elevators are not recommended during an emergency, as they may malfunction or stop working altogether. However, if you must use the elevator, press the button for the ground floor and wait for the elevator to arrive. If the elevator stops working, use the emergency phone or alarm button to call for help.
In conclusion, the exit access is a critical component of building safety. It is essential to know the exit access in your building and follow the exit access signs during an emergency. Always remain calm and use the designated exit access to ensure your safety. By following these guidelines, you can exit a building safely and quickly during an emergency.